永恆交界處

[碩士留學] [S1B1] Regulating Digital Technology

先來講第一門課 Regulating Digital Technology,由本研究中心的主任Prof.mr.dr.ir. B.H.M. Custers授課,其中有部分課程由Dr. M.R. Leiser授課。

收穫度:★★★★☆
負重比:★★★★☆


本年度授課大綱點這。

Custers教授真的是很帥,可以點進他的學術網頁去看,他的發音也很好玩,會把g跟r用荷蘭文的音(就是深喉音)發出來。

而這門課非常理論,跟另外一堂課Internet Governace一樣,比較像是本學程的基礎,課程比重如下:團體報告20%、考試80%,5.5分及格。

本年度實際上授課大綱如下:

授課大綱

我自己覺得,Prof Custers上課蠻清楚的,但是我很不喜歡整個課程架構跟考試方式,可以看到明明總共20節課,就有4節課被拿去做報告,而且報告的占分比重又低。而Dr. Leiser上課我有點跟不太上他的節奏,因為投影片很多都是問號結尾,我沒辦法靠投影片確認內容實際上是甚麼。

第四週在講倫理學的時候我腦袋完全無法輸入,整個都在放空,完全聽不懂在幹嘛。

考試的時候會考名詞解釋,然後也會考純背誦,讓我非常不滿意,而且佔分80%,讓報告變得無足輕重。


每週的Reading如下:

Week 1

Mandatory
• Baldwin, R., Cave, M., and Lodge, M. (2012) Understanding Regulation: Theory, Strategy, and Practice, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Second edition. Chapters 1, 2, and 3. [39 p.]
• Johnson, D.R., & Post, D. (1996) Law and Borders – The Rise of Law in Cyberspace, Stanford Law Review, Vol. 48, No. 5, p. 1367-1402. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=535 [37 p.]
• Kesan, J.P., and Shah, R.C. (2006) Setting Software Defaults: Perspectives from Law, Computer Science and Behavioral Economics. Notre Dame Law Review, 583–634. Available online at http://law.bepress.com/uiuclwps/art54/. [53 p.]
• Calo, R. (2013) Code, Nudge, or Notice? Iowa Law Review. Available online at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2217013. [29 p.]

Optional
• Baldwin, R., Cave, M., and Lodge, M. (2012) Understanding Regulation: Theory, Strategy, and Practice, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Second edition. Chapters 4, 5, and 6.
• Custers B.H.M. (2008), The Exclusivity of Ultrafast Communication Networks, Journal of International Commercial Law and Technology 3(4): 247-253.

Week 2

Mandatory
• Baldwin, R., Cave, M., and Lodge, M. (2012) Understanding Regulation: Theory, Strategy, and Practice, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Second edition. Chapters 7 and 8. [59 p.]
• Lessig, L. (2006) Code 2.0, New York: Basic Books. http://codev2.cc/download+remix/Lessig-Codev2.pdf. Chapters 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5. [80 p.]

Optional
• Baldwin, R., Cave, M., and Lodge, M. (2012) Understanding Regulation: Theory, Strategy, and Practice, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Second edition. Chapters 11-17.
• Lessig, L. (2006) Code 2.0, New York: Basic Books. http://codev2.cc/download+remix/Lessig-Codev2.pdf. Chapters 6-15.

Week 3

Mandatory

  • Lessig, L. (2006) Code 2.0, New York: Basic Books, Chapters 6 and 7. [57 p.], Available here.
  • Barlow, J.P. (1996) A Declaration of Independence for Cyberspace [2 p.], Available here.
  • Murray, A.D. (2011) Nodes and Gravity in Virtual Space, LegisprudenceVol. 5, Issue 2, p. 195, Available here.
  • Laidlaw, E. B. (2010) A framework for identifying Internet information gatekeepers. International Review of Law, Computers & Technology, 24(3), 263-276 [15 p.], Available here.

Optional

  • Post, D.G. (2000) What Larry Doesn’t Get: Code, Law and Liberty in Cyberspace (2000) 52 Stanford Law Review,p. 1439-1459 [21 p.], Available here.
  • Murray, A.D., and Scott, C. (2002) Controlling the New Media: Hybrid Responses to New Forms of Power. Modern Law Review, Vol. 65, No. 4, p. 491-516, Available here.
  • Chris Reed and Andrew Murray, Rethinking the Jurisprudence of Cyberspace (Edward Elgar, 2018), Chapter 1, available with the author’s permission, please do not distribute,  Available here.
  • Leenes, R. (2011) Framing Techno-Regulation: An Exploration of State and Non-State Regulation by Technology. Legisprudence5 (2): 143–69, Available here.

Week 4

Mandatory
• Kaptein, M., and Wempe, J.F. (2011) Three General Theories of Ethics and the Integrative Role of Integrity Theory. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1940393 [47 p.]
• Van der Burg, W. (2009) Law and Ethics: The Twin Disciplines. In: B. van Klink and S. Taekema (eds.), Interdisciplinary research into law. Siebeck. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1631720 [26 p.]
• Bovens, L. (2008) The Ethics of Nudge, In: Till Grüne-Yanoff and S.O. Hansson (eds.) Preference Change: Approaches from Philosophy, Economics and Psychology, Berlin and New York: Springer, Chapter 10. http://www.bovens.org/assets/docs/TheEthicsOfNudge.pdf

Optional
• Kerr, I.R. (2010) Digital Locks and the Automation of Virtue. In: From “Radical Extremism” to “Balanced Copyright”: Canadian Copyright and the Digital Agenda, p. 247–303. Available online at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2115655.

[Note: the mandatory readings for week 4 are a bit less than average, but the mandatory readings for week 5 are a bit more than average. It is recommended that students evenly distribute this by starting with some of the readings of week 5 already in week 4]

Week 5

Mandatory Reading

  • Chapter 13, ‘Risk Regulation’ in ‘Understanding Regulation: Theory, Strategy & Practice’ by Baldwin, Cave, and Lodge, Available in Library
  • DIGITAL EUROPE’s initial findings on the proposed AI Act, Available here.
  • Black, J., & Murray, A. D. (2019). Regulating AI and machine learning: setting the regulatory agenda. European journal of law and technology, 10(3), Available here.
  • Proposal for a REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL LAYING DOWN HARMONISED RULES ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ACT) AND AMENDING CERTAIN UNION LEGISLATIVE ACTS COM/2021/206 final, Available here.

Additional Reading

  • Black, J., & Baldwin, R. (2010). Really responsive risk‐based regulation. Law & policy, 32(2), 181-213, Available here.
  • When risk‐based regulation aims low: A strategic framework ‐ Julia Black, Robert Baldwin 06/2012 Regulation & Governance, 6: 131‐48, Available here.
  • The emergence of risk‐based regulation and the new public management in the United Kingdom ‐ Julia Black, Public Law 512‐548, Available here. opens in new window
  • Veale, M., & Borgesius, F. Z. (2021). Demystifying the Draft EU Artificial Intelligence Act—Analysing the good, the bad, and the unclear elements of the proposed approach. Computer Law Review International, 22(4), 97-112, (Draft), Available here.

Advanced/Supplementary Reading

  • The Oxford handbook of regulation ‐ Cave, Martin, Baldwin, Robert, Lodge, Martin 2010, especially ‘The Role of Risk in Regulatory Processes’
  • Social theories of risk ‐ Krimsky, Sheldon, Golding, Dominic 1992, especially ‘Concepts of Risk: A Classification’, Available here.
  • Initial Appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment, Artificial intelligence act, Impact assessment (SWD (2021) 84, SWD (2021) 85 (summary)) accompanying a Commission proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down harmonised rules on artificial intelligence (Artificial Intelligence Act) and amending certain Union legislative acts (COM(2021) 206), Available here.
  • Consumer Law and Artificial Intelligence: Challenges to the EU Consumer Law and Policy Stemming from the Business’ Use of Artificial Intelligence – Final report of the ARTSY project, Available here.

Relevant policy document:

  • The precautionary principle: decision-making under uncertainty, Available here.

可以看出至少光必讀文獻就每周至少100頁上下。

而考試題目基本上跟往年相去不遠,簡單來講就是貝多芬。我自己其實能夠接受作為基礎課程有很多理論甚至是跨領域的東西,可以看到上面一些參考書目基本上有很多重複。

然後是最後總成績的部分,我要補這塊的時候突然找不到我的筆記@@,但我記得總共56人左右應考,7人要重考,平均分數大概6.X,最高分9.3,最低分1。報告的話平均7.3,最高分8.5。

我在這科拿的分數非常低。

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